Home Page SITE MAP Statement of Beliefs Music Virtual Home Church Services PRIVACY STATEMENT Links ABOUT US Support CONTACT ITH Ministries Guest Book

 

 

 

An independent SDA Ministry
Proclaiming the 3 angels Messages and

   Abiding in the Father and His Son

 
 

 

Hebrew Calendar
A New Calendar Day Begins At Sundown
#7 - Tishri 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Rosh haShanah : Thursday, 1 Tishri 5772
Yom Kippur is: Saturday, 10 Tishri 5772
  Sukk'ot is: Thursday, 15 Tishri 5772
Sukk'ot ends: Wednesday, 21 Tishri 5772
Shemini Atzeret is: Thursday, 22 Tishri 5772
Simchat Torah is: Friday, 23 Tishri 5772
 
#8 - Cheshvan 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 
#9 - Kislev 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

 

 

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Chanukah Begins: Wednesday, 25 Kislev 5772
 
#10 - Tevet 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Chanukah Ends: Wednesday, 2 Tevet 5772
 
#11 - Shevat 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

 

 
#12 - Adar 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Purim is: Thursday, 14 Adar 5772
 
#1 - Nisan 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Pesach is: Friday, 14 Nisan 5772
  Chag ha Matzoh is: Saturday, 15 Nisan 5772
Yom ha Bikkurim is: Sunday, 16 Nisan 5772
Chag ha Matzoh Ends: Friday, 21 Nisan 5772
 
#2 - Iyar 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 

 

 

 
#3 - Sivan 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...

  Shavu'ot is: Sunday, 6 Sivan 5772
 
#4 - Tammuz 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 
#5 - Av 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Tisha B'Av is: Saturday, 9 Av 5772
 
#6 - Elul 5772

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregorian Calendar
A New Calendar Day Begins At Midnight
Sept. - Oct. 2011

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
Feast of Trumpets (jewish new year : Wed, Sep. 28, 2011
Day Of Atonement Begins: Friday, Oct. 7, 2011
  Tabernacles Begins: Wednesday, Oct. 12, 2011
Tabernacles Ends: Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2011
The 8th Day Begins: Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2011
Annual Torah Reading Cycle Ends: Fri, Oct. 21, 2011
 
Oct. - Nov. 2011

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

 

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

 
Nov. - Dec. 2011

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

27

28

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

24

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

 

 

 

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
Hanukkah Begins: Tuesday, December 20, 2011
 
Dec. 2011 - Jan. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

 

 

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
Hanukkah Ends: Wednesday, December 28, 2012
 
Jan. - Feb. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

 

 

 
Feb. - Mar. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

24

25

26

27

28

29

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
Purim Begins: Wednesday, March 7, 2012
 
Mar. - Apr. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
The Passover Begins: Thursday, April 5, 2012
  Unleavened Bread Begins: Friday, April 6, 2012
Firstfruits Begins: Saturday, April 7, 2012
Unleavened Bread Ends: Friday, April 13, 2012
 
Apr. - May 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

 

 

 

 

 

 
May - June 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...

  Pentecost Begins: Saturday, May 26, 2012
 
June - July 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

 

 

 
July - Aug. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
The 9th of Av Begins: Friday, July 27, 2012
 
Aug. - Sept. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

 

 

 

 

 

 


#7 - Tishri 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

 

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Rosh haShanah is: Monday, 1 Tishri 5773
Yom Kippur is: Wednesday, 10 Tishri 5773
  Sukk'ot is: Monday, 15 Tishri 5773
Sukk'ot ends: Sunday, 21 Tishri 5773
Shemini Atzeret is: Monday, 22 Tishri 5773
Simchat Torah is: Tuesday, 23 Tishri 5773
 
#8 - Cheshvan 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 

 
#9 - Kislev 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Chanukah Begins: Sunday, 25 Kislev 5773
 
#10 - Tevet 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Chanukah Ends: Sunday, 3 Tevet 5773
 
#11 - Shevat 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
#12 - Adar 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Purim is: Sunday, 14 Adar 5773
 
#1 - Nisan 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Pesach is: Monday, 14 Nisan 5773
  Chag ha Matzoh is: Tuesday, 15 Nisan 5773
Yom ha Bikkurim is: Sunday, 20 Nisan 5773
Chag ha Matzoh Ends: Monday, 21 Nisan 5773
 
#2 - Iyar 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 
#3 - Sivan 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...

  Shavu'ot is: Sunday, 10 Sivan 5773
 
#4 - Tammuz 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
#5 - Av 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

 

 

 

 

On The HEBREW'S Calendar...
Tisha B'Av is: Tuesday, 9 Av 5773
 
#6 - Elul 5773

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

 

 

 

Sept. - Oct. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

 

 

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
Jewish New Year Begins: Sunday, Sep. 16, 2012
Day Of Atonement Begins: Tuesday, Sep. 25, 2012
  Tabernacles Begins: Sunday, Sep. 30, 2012
Tabernacles Ends: Sunday, October 7, 2012
The 8th Day Begins: Sunday, October 7, 2012
End - Annual Torah Reading Cycle: Tue, Oct. 9, 2012
 
Oct. - Nov. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

 

 

 

 
Nov. - Dec. 2012

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
Hanukkah Begins: Saturday, December 8, 2012
 
Dec. 2012 - Jan. 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
Hanukkah Ends: Sunday, December 16, 2012
 
Jan. - Feb. 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Feb. - Mar. 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

 

 

 

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
Purim Begins: Saturday, Feb. 23, 2013
 
Mar. - Apr. 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
The Passover Begins: Sunday, March 24, 2013
  Unleavened Bread Begins: Monday, March 25, 2013
Firstfruits Begins: Saturday, March 30, 2013
Unleavened Bread Ends: Monday, April 1, 2013
 
Apr. - May 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

 

 

 
May - June 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

 

 

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...

  Pentecost Begins: Saturday, May 18, 2013
 
June - July 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
July - Aug. 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

5

6

 

 

 

 

GREGORIAN Calendar: AT SUNDOWN...
The 9th of Av Begins: Monday, July 15, 2013
 
Aug. - Sept. 2013

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

 

 

 

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1

2

3

4

 

 

 




Every Friday, at sunset (dusk), is the beginning of the Saturday Sabbath - the observance of SHABBAT.

Every New Waxing Moon - beginning each Hebrew month - is the observance of ROSH CHODESH.

 

SCRIPTURE PASSAGE
FOR THE SEVEN JEWISH FEASTS

Leviticus 23:1-44 NKJV
1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
2. "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'The feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts.
3. 'Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
4. 'These are the feasts of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times.

1. PASSOVER "Pesach" (Nisan 14,15)

5 On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the Lord's Passover.

2. FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD "Chag ha Matzo" (Nisan 15-22)

6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
7. On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it.
8 But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord for seven days. The seventh day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it.' "
9. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

3. FEAST OF FIRSTFRUITS "Yom Hibakkurim" (Nisan 16-17)

10. "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest.
11. He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12. And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the Lord.
13 Its grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to the Lord, for a sweet aroma; and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin.
14 You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

4. FEAST OF PENTECOST (WEEKS) "Shavuot" (Sivan 6-7)

15. 'And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. 16 Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the Lord.
17. You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. They are the firstfruits to the Lord.
18. And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one young bull, and two rams. They shall be as a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to the Lord.
19. Then you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats as a sin offering, and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a peace offering.
20. The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.
21. And you shall proclaim on the same day that it is a holy convocation to you. You shall do no customary work on it. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
22 'When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field when you reap, nor shall you gather any gleaning from your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the stranger: I am the Lord your God.' "

5. FEAST OF TRUMPETS "Yom Teru'ah" (Tishri 1) (See Rosh HaShanah "Head of Year")

23. Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
24. "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.
25 You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord.' "

6. DAY OF ATONEMENT "Yom Kippur" (Tishri 10)

26 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
27 "Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord.
28 And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God.
29 For any person who is not afflicted in soul on that same day shall be cut off from his people. 30 And any person who does any work on that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people.
31 You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
32 It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath."

7. FEAST OF TABERNACLES "Sukkot" (Tishri 15-22)

33. Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
34. "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the Lord.
35 On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work on it.
36 For seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. It is a sacred assembly, and you shall do no customary work on it.
37 These are the feasts of the Lord which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the Lord, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day--
38 besides the Sabbaths of the Lord, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the Lord.
39 'Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the Lord for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest.
40 And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days.
41 You shall keep it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
42 You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths,
43 that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.' "
44 So Moses declared to the children of Israel the feasts of the Lord

 

Purim "Feasts of Lots" (Adar 14)

Pûrîm "lots", from the word pur,[2] related to Akkadian pūru) is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the deliverance of the Jewish people in the ancient Persian Empire from destruction in the wake of a plot by Haman, a story recorded in the Biblical Book of Esther (Megillat Esther).

Purim is celebrated annually according to the Hebrew calendar on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Adar (Adar II in leap years), the day following the victory of the Jews over their enemies. Purim begins at sundown. In cities that were protected by a surrounding wall at the time of Joshua, Purim is celebrated on the 15th of the month;[3] Everywhere else, Purim is on the 14th, while the 15th is known as Shushan Purim. Due to Jerusalem's importance, it celebrates Purim on the 15th despite it not having been surrounded by a wall since the time of Joshua. This is to prevent less holy cities having an advantage over Jerusalem.

Purim is characterized by public recitation of the Scroll of Esther (keriat ha-megillah), additions to the prayers and the grace after meals (al hannisim), giving mutual gifts of food and drink (mishloach manot), giving charity to the poor (mattanot la-evyonim),and a celebratory meal (se'udat Purim); other customs include drinking wine, wearing of masks and costumes, and public celebration.

According to the Book of Esther, Haman, royal vizier to King Ahasuerus planned to kill the Jews, but his plans were foiled by Mordecai and Queen Esther. The day of deliverance became a day of feasting and rejoicing.

 Rosh HaShanah (ראש השנה) is the Jewish New Year. It falls once a year during the month of Tishrei and occurs ten days before Yom Kippur. Together, Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur are known as the Yamim Nora’im, which means the Days of Awe in Hebrew. In English they are often referred to as the High Holy Days.

 

Rosh HaShanah "Head of Year" (Tishrei 1)

(See Feast of Trumpets Above)

Rosh HaShanah literally means “Head of the Year” in Hebrew. It falls in the month of Tishrei, which is the seventh month on the Hebrew calendar. The reason for this is because the Hebrew calendar begins with the month of Nissan (when it's believed the Jews were freed from slavery in Egypt) but the month of Tishrei is believed to be the month in which God created the world. Hence, another way to think about Rosh HaShanah is as the birthday of the world.

Rosh HaShanah is observed on the first two days of Tishrei. Jewish tradition teaches that during the High Holy Days God decides who will live and who will die during the coming year. As a result, during Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur (and in the days leading up to them) Jews embark upon the serious task of examining their lives and repenting for any wrongs they have committed during the previous year. This process of repentance is called teshuvah. Jews are encouraged to make amends with anyone they have wronged and to make plans for improving during the coming year. In this way, Rosh HaShanah is all about making peace in the community and striving to be a better person.

Even though the theme of Rosh HaShanah is life and death, it is a holiday filled with hope for the New Year. Jews believe that God is compassionate and just, and that God will accept their prayers for forgiveness.

The Rosh HaShanah prayer service is one of the longest of the year. Only the Yom Kippur service is longer. Rosh HaShanah service usually runs from early morning until the afternoon and is so unique that it has its own prayer book called the Makhzor. Two of the most well known prayers from Rosh HaShanah liturgy are:

  • Unetaneh Tohkef – This prayer is about life and death. Part of it reads: "On Rosh HaShanah it is written, and on Yom Kippur it is sealed, how many will leave this world and how many will be born into it, who will live and who will die... But penitence, prayer and good deeds can annul the severity of the decree."
  • Avienu Malkeinu – Another famous prayer is Avienu Malkeinu, which means “Our Father Our King” in Hebrew. Usually the entire congregation will sing the last verse of this prayer in unison, which says: "Our Father, our King, answer us as though we have no deed to plead our cause, save us with mercy and loving-kindness."

 On Rosh HaShanah it is customary to greet people with "L'Shanah Tovah," which is Hebrew that is usually translated as "For a Good Year" or "May you have a good year." Some people also say "L'shana tovah tikatev v'etahetem," which means "May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year." (If said to a woman the greeting would be: "L'shanah tovah tikatevi v'tahetemi"). This greeting refers to the belief that a person’s fate for the coming year is decided during the High Holy Days.

The shofar is an important symbol of Rosh HaShanah. It is an instrument often made of a ram's horn and is blown one hundred times during each of the two days of Rosh HaShanah. The sound of the shofar blast reminds people of the importance of reflection during this important holiday. Tashlich is a ceremony that usually takes place during the first day of Rosh HaShanah. "Tashlich" literally means "casting off" and involves symbolically casting off the sins of the previous year by tossing pieces of bread or another food into a body of flowing water. Learn more about tashlich in this article.

Other significant symbols of Rosh HaShanah include apples, honey and round loaves of challah. Apple slices dipped in honey represent our hope for a sweet new year and are traditionally accompanied by a short prayer before eating that goes: "May it by Thy will, O Lord, Our God, to grant us a year that is good and sweet." Challah, which is usually baked into braids, is shaped into round loaves of bread on Rosh HaShanah. The circular shape symbolizes the continuation of life.

On the second night of Rosh HaShanah it is customary to eat a fruit that is new to us for the season, saying the shehechiyanu blessing as we eat it to thank God for bringing us to this season. Pomegranates are a popular choice because Israel is often praised for its pomegranates and because, according to legend, pomegranates contain 613 seeds – one for each of the 613 mitzvot. Another reason for eating pomegranates on Rosh HaShanah has to do with the symbolic hope that our good deeds in the coming year will be as many as the seeds of the fruit.

Some people choose to send New Year’s greeting cards on Rosh HaShanah. Before the advent of modern computers these were handwritten cards that were snail mailed weeks in advance, but nowadays it is equally as common to send Rosh HaShanah e-cards a few days before the holiday.

Hanukkah

beginning on 25 Kislev (usually in December), commemorates the triumph of the Jews, under the Maccabees, over the Greek rulers (164 BCE) - both the physical victory of the small Jewish nation against mighty Greece and the spiritual victory of the Jewish faith against the Hellenism of the Greeks. Its sanctity derives from this spiritual aspect of the victory, and the miracle of the flask of oil, when a portion of sacramental olive oil meant to keep the Temple candelabrum lit for one day lasted for eight days, the time it took for the Temple to be rededicated.

Hanukkah is observed in Israel, as in the Diaspora, for eight days. The central feature of this holiday is the lighting of candles each evening - one on the first night, two on the second, and so on - in commemoration of the miracle at the Temple. The Hanukkah message in Israel focuses strongly on aspects of restored sovereignty; customs widely practiced in the Diaspora, such as giftgiving and the dreidl (spinning top - sevivon in Hebrew), are also in evidence. The dreidl’s sides are marked with Hebrew initials representing the message “A great miracle occurred here”; in the Diaspora, the initials stand for “A great miracle occurred there.” Schools are closed during this week; workplaces are not.